Aquaya conducts rigorous research to identify effective strategies for improving access to safe drinking water.

Peer Reviewed Publications

Please contact us at for full reprints of any of the below articles.

1. Arnold BF. et al. 2015. Reactivity in Rapidly Collected Hygiene and Toilet Spot Check Measurements: A Cautionary Tale for Longitudinal Studies.
The American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene. 92,1: 159-162

2. Najnin N. et al. 2014. Explaining Low Rates of Sustained use of Siphon Filters: Evidence from Follow-up of a Randomized Controlled Trial in Bangladesh.
Tropical Medicine & International Health. Accepted Manuscript online 12 December 2014. DOI: 10.1111/tmi.12448

3. Luoto J. et al. 2014. Nudging to Use: Achieving Safe Water Behaviors in Kenya and Bangladesh.
Journal of Development Economics.110:13-21

4. Khush RS et al. 2013. H2S as an Indicator of Water Supply Vulnerability and Health Risk in Low-Resource Settings: A Prospective Cohort Study. The American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene. Published online May 28, 2013; doi:10.4269/ajtmh.13-0067

5. Luoto J et. al. 2012. Learning to Dislike Safe Water Products: Results from a Randomized Controlled Trial of the Effects of Direct and Peer Experience on Willingness to Pay. Environmental Science and Technology. 46,11:6244-6251

6. Torkelson A et al. 2012. Investigation of Quaternary Ammonium Silane-Coated Sand Filter for the Removal of Bacteria and Viruses from Drinking Water.
Journal of Applied Microbiology. 113, 5:1196-1207

7. Rahman Z et al. 2011. A Comparative Assessment of Institutional Frameworks for Managing Drinking Water Quality.
The Journal of Water, Sanitation, and Hygiene for Development. 1, 4: 242-258.

8. Luoto J et al. 2011. What Point-of-Use Water Treatment Products do Consumers Use? Evidence from a Randomized Controlled Trial among the Urban Poor in Bangladesh.
PLoS ONE. 6,10:e26132

9. Arnold BF et al. 2010. Causal Inference Methods to Study Nonrandomized, Preexisting Development Interventions.
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences. 107, 52:22605-22610

10. Albert J et al. 2010. End-User Preferences for and Performance of Competing POU Water Treatment Technologies among the Rural Poor of Kenya.
Environmental Science and Technology. 44, 12:4426-4432

11. Clasen T et al. 2006. The Drinking Water Response to the Indian Ocean Tsunami, including the Role of Household Water Treatment.
Disaster Prevention and Management. 15,1:190-201

Our Published Reports

Water Business Kit: Kenya

The Water Business Kit: Kenya is a joint publication by Aquaya and the International Finance Corporation (IFC). The kit provides a step-by-step guide for starting and managing a water treatment and vending business in Kenya.


Kenya Water Market Survey

The Kenya Water Market Survey is a joint publication by Aquaya and the International Finance Corporation (IFC). This report describes our assessments of consumer demand for treated water among different market segments in Kenya.



‘Aquatest: Expanding Microbial Water Quality Testing for Drinking Water Management’ provides an overview of the Aquatest research consortium’s efforts to develop appropriate technologies for water testing in low resource settings.


Conference Proceedings

Ball M. et. al. (2013) Mobile Data Tools for Improving Information Flow in WASH: Lessons from Three Field Pilots. IRC Symposium 2013: Monitoring Sustainable WASH Service Delivery. Download paper

Rahman. et. al. (2013) Constraints to microbial water quality testing. 36th WEDC International Conference, 2013: Delivering Water, Sanitation and Hygiene Services in an Uncertain Environment. Download paper

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