Water testing at the lab of Ruiru Juja Water and Sanitation Company,  Kenya.

Water testing at the lab of Ruiru Juja Water and Sanitation Company, Kenya.

With the beginning of the new year, let us reflect on the progress and direction of the Monitoring for Safe Water (MfSW) program. In 2013, Aquaya formalized partnerships with 23 institutions across six countries in sub-Saharan Africa, including Ethiopia, Guinea, Kenya, Senegal, Uganda, and Zambia. These partnerships include 118 water distribution networks and 343 rural health districts, serving over 42 million people, (summarized in the table below).

2014 is an exciting year for MfSW, as partners initiate and continue drinking water quality testing. Over 60% of partners have commenced water quality testing under the program to date. Some of the remaining partners are facing barriers procuring equipment and organizing trainings, though we anticipate all partners will be testing in the next couple of months. Once testing commences, water quality testing reports are sent to Aquaya monthly for verification. The collation of this water quality testing data will result in one of the largest datasets on drinking water quality in sub-Saharan Africa, with approximately 65, 000 test results anticipated by the end 2014.


To address technical constraints to microbial water quality testing in remote and low-income settings, the Aquatest research program, led by the University of Bristol in the UK and funded by the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation, has developed Aquatest: a simple, entirely self-contained diagnostic test for quantifying fecalcontamination levels in water.

To develop a comprehensive understanding of microbial water testing and technical requirements among a global range of potential end-users, Aquaya is currently managing field pilots of Aquatest with water providers, public health surveillance agencies, research institutions and NGOs organizations in 14 developing countries across South America, Asia and Africa.  We are also working in Alberta, Canada to determine whether Aquatest is suitable for remote water testing in developed countries.

Among water providers, our partners range from the Nairobi City Water and Sewerage Company, which supplies drinking water to approximately five million residents, to the Ecuadorian municipality of Pindal, which serves approximately seven thousand consumers but has no existing facilities for microbial water quality testing. In Sri Lanka and Morocco, we are working with local community water supply managers in order to evaluate Aquatest’s use by non-professionals. These community managers operate piped systems serving settlements ranging from approximately 100 to 700 households. Prior to the Aquatest pilot, these community managers had no experience with on-site water quality testing and only infrequently sent samples to external laboratories for analysis.

Aquaya is also piloting the Aquatest system with health agencies who are responsible for monitoring all drinking water sources in their jurisdiction, from urban piped supplies to point sources in rural areas. While most health agencies do have laboratories and trained technicians for analyzing water samples at their provincial offices, they struggle to monitor remote sources due to the logistical challenges of transporting samples back to the central laboratory for analysis. Field staff from these agencies are often based in small towns throughout the province and are responsible for regularly visiting remote communities for a range of activities including health education programs, sanitary inspections, and vaccination campaigns. During the pilot, these field staff are using Aquatest to expand monitoring by reducing their reliance on testing at central laboratories. Surveillance agencies piloting Aquatest include the Chris Hani Municipal Health Services department in South Africa, the Pichincha Provincial Department of Health in Ecuador, the Cochabamba Department of Health in Bolivia and six district health departments in Mozambique.

Rural Health techicians prepare the Aquatest incubator in Tiraque, Bolivia

In addition to these local government actors, Aquaya has partnered with the National Environmental Engineering Research Institute (NEERI) in Nagpur, India, and the Center for Global Safe Water at Emory University. These partnerships with international research institutions provide the opportunity to evaluate Aquatest’s applicability in large scale research projects. Finally, we are also piloting Aquatest with Oxfam in the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC), Kenya, Somaliland and Bangladesh in order to evaluate Aquatest as a tool for use by International NGOs and their local partners in humanitarian relief and recovery programs.

Aquaya’s field research will help determine Aquatest’s potential for increasing microbial water quality testing in remote settings and will help inform the the optimum strategies for reaching relevant end-users with a commercial product.  In addition, we will analyze the current uses of water quality data in order to identify possible opportunities for increasing the management impact of this data.

Check out more photos of the Aquatest pilot in our photo library.

Aquaya has studied and optimized water quality testing strategies in low-resource settings for over 10 years. We are happy to provide insights to help your organization develop or improve a monitoring program. Please reach out by contacting us.

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