Sanitation Services - Urban

The safe management of fecal waste is a major public health and economic challenge in most cities of the developing world. Working across continents, Aquaya aims to support local institutions to develop appropriate sanitation solutions.

Urban Sanitation Economics Research

What are the life cycle costs and willingness-to-pay of sanitation products/services in urban Bangladesh, Ghana, & Kenya?

Fecal Sludge Management Services in Port Harcourt, Nigeria

What is the existing fecal sludge management in Port Harcourt and how can it be improved?

Pro-Poor Sanitation Surcharges in Kenyan Cities

Are wealthier urban residents able and willing to pay more for sewerage in low-income areas?

Sanitation Services - Rural

The safe management of fecal waste is a major community health and economic challenge in most rural areas of the developing world. Working across continents, Aquaya aims to support local institutions and communities to develop appropriate sanitation solutions.

Impact Evaluations of WASH Programs in Nigeria

How effective were UNICEF's WASH programs in rural Nigeria?

Sanitation value chain study in rural areas and small towns in Haiti

What are the existing challenges and opportunities along the sanitation chain in rural Haiti?

Water Quality Monitoring

Accurate information is important for evaluating service delivery, improving efficiencies, and targeting resources.  Water sector data, however, are limited in much of the developing world. The objectives of our research are to develop and apply appropriate technologies and best practices that support the integration of data into water management programs.

Monitoring for Safe Water

Why doesn't microbial water quality testing meet regulatory standards in many countries?  

Water Safety Plan Consultation with WHO in Asia Pacific Region

Are Water Safety Plans implemented across Asia effective at improving water quality and quantity?

Seasonal Water Quality in Port Harcourt, Nigeria

How does the water quality in Port Harcourt change seasonally?

Sanitation Supply & Demand

Aquaya designs and administers field studies to evaluate supply chains for sanitation products and to measure consumer demand. Many efforts to improve sanitation services propose market forces for achieving distribution of emerging sanitation products, but demonstrations of commercially viable business models that reach poor consumers are limited. Aquaya is conducting research on and providing valuable data to inform decision-making on sanitation policies.


What sanitation interventions have been effective in increasing access to improved sanitation globally?

Evaluating Marketing Strategies for Rural Sanitation Products

What are effective marketing strategies, health benefits, and consumers' willingness-to-pay for plastic latrine slabs in Kenya?

The Market for Rural Sanitation

What is the willingness-to-pay for improved sanitation flooring in rural Tanzania?

Local Empowerment

Small-scale businesses often provide innovative and effective solutions to fill gaps in public services. We study examples of local entrepreneurship in the water, sanitation and hygiene (WASH) sector. We also administer WASH research fellowship programs to empower African researchers with the tools to address Africa’s WASH challenges.

Our goals are to identify the factors that promote local solutions and the strategies that will expand their reach among lower income groups.

Data and Dissemination

Sharing our knowledge and data with others

AquayaLEARN: Leading an Empowered African Research Network

Engaging young African scientists in the research process

Strengthening local capacity for water safety management

African Water Association Task Force on Water Quality Monitoring

Water Treatment

Aquaya researches water treatment options.


How can appropriate technologies expand microbial water quality testing?

Water Treatment & Vending

Why are water treatment and vending businesses proliferating in Southeast Asia and Latin America?

Consumer Preferences for Household Water Treatment

How do low-income families select water treatment products?

ICT & Business Development

Aquaya advises on data management tools that support performance monitoring, survey efforts, and evaluations. Where existing open source software tools are appropriate, we optimize and configure these tools to address our clients’ needs. In addition, Aquaya builds tools in-house when we identify software gaps.

Unleashing the full potential of local, independent entrepreneurship in the WASH sector often requires business management support and access to business financing. Aquaya collaborates with development partners to ensure that these services reach promising entrepreneurs.

Mobile Water
Data Solutions for WASH

Software Solutions for Data Management

Will ICT innovations increase the efficiency of large technology deployment programs?

Mobile Phones for Measuring Sustainability

How can mobile phones improve data collection and analysis in remote settings?

Water Business Kits

How can we support local business development in the water sector?


Aquaya has studied and optimized water quality testing strategies in low-resource settings for over 10 years. We are happy to provide insights to help your organization develop or improve a monitoring program. Please reach out by contacting us.

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